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Kamis, Juni 14, 2012

How to Form Relative Clause

Imagine, a girl is talking to Tom. You want to know who she is and ask a friend whether he knows her. You could say:
A girl is talking to Tom. Do you know the girl?
That sounds rather complicated, doesn't it? It would be easier with a relative clause: you put both pieces of information into one sentence. Start with the most important thing  – you want to know who the girl is.
Do you know the girl …
As your friend cannot know which girl you are talking about, you need to put in the additional information  – the girl is talking to Tom. Use „the girl“ only in the first part of the sentence, in the second part replace it with the relative pronoun (for people, use the relative pronoun „who“). So the final sentence is:
Do you know the girl who is talking to Tom?

Relative Pronouns

relative pronoun
use
example
who
subject or object pronoun for people
I told you about the woman who lives next door.
which
subject or object pronoun for animals and things
Do you see the cat which is lying on the roof?
which
referring to a whole sentence
He couldn’t read which surprised me.
whose
possession for people animals and things
Do you know the boy whose mother is a nurse?
whom
object pronoun for people, especially in non-defining relative clauses (in defining relative clauses we colloquially prefer who)
I was invited by the professor whom I met at the conference.
that
subject or object pronoun for people, animals and things in defining relative clauses (who or which are also possible)
I don’t like the table that stands in the kitchen.

Subject Pronoun or Object Pronoun?

Subject and object pronouns cannot be distinguished by their forms - who, which, that are used for subject and object pronouns. You can, however, distinguish them as follows:
If the relative pronoun is followed by a verb, the relative pronoun is a subject pronoun. Subject pronouns must always be used.
the apple which is lying on the table
If the relative pronoun is not followed by a verb (but by a noun or pronoun), the relative pronoun is an object pronoun. Object pronouns can be dropped in defining relative clauses, which are then called Contact Clauses.
the apple (which) George lay on the table

Relative Adverbs 

A relative adverb can be used instead of a relative pronoun plus preposition. This often makes the sentence easier to understand.
This is the shop in which I bought my bike.
This is the shop where I bought my bike.

relative adverb
meaning
use
example
when
in/on which
refers to a time expression
the day when we met him
where
in/at which
refers to a place
the place where we met him
why
for which
refers to a reason
the reason why we met him

tugas tugas tugas


Exercise 37 page 138

1. The last record that was produced by this company became a gold record.
2. Checking accounts who require a minimum balance are very common now.
3. The proffessor to whom you spoke yesterday is not here today.
4. John, whose grades are the highest in the school, has received a scholarship.
5. Felipe bought a camera that has three lenses.
6. Frank is the man whom we are going to nominate for the office of treasurer.
7. The doctor is with a patient whose leg was broken in an accident.
8. Jane is the woman who is going to China next year.
9. Janet wants a typewriter who self-corrects.
10. This book that I found last week contains some useful information.
11. Mr. Bryant, whose team has lost the game, looks very sad.
12. James wrote an article that indicated that he disliked the president.
13.The director of the program who graduated from Havard University is planning to retire next year.
14. This is the book that I have been looking for all the year.
15. William, whose brother is a lawyer, wants to become a judge.

tugas exercise 38
Exercise 38 page 139

1. George is the man chosen to represent the committee at the convention.
2. All of the money accepted has already been realesed.
3. The papers on the table belong to Patricia.
4. The man brought to the police station confessed to the crime.
5. The girl drinking coffee is Mary Allen.
6. John’s wife, a professor, has written several papers on this subject.
7. The man talking to the policeman is my uncle.
8. The book on the top shelf is the one that I need.
9. The number of students been counted is quite high.
10. Leo Evans, a doctor, eats in this restaurant every day.

Selasa, Mei 01, 2012

tugas tugas tugas


Tugas softskill B. inggris (01-05-2012)

Exercise 36
Causative Verbs  (Page 135)
1.      Leave
2.      Ripaired
3.      Typed
4.      Call
5.      Painted
6.      Wrote
7.      Lie
8.      Sent
9.      Cut
10.    Sigen
11.    Leave
12.    Washed
13.    Fixed
14.    Published
15.    Find

Simpel present
1.     Actv  : sain’s make ice cream every day
2.    Passv :  every day ice ceam made by sain’s

Present progressive or past  persent
1.     Actv : the coldstone commery is doing X-factor in front of the customer
2.    Passv  : in front of the costomer X-factor are being did

Present perfect
1.     Actv : trans jakarta busway has opend the new destination
2.    Passv : the new destination has been opened by trans jakarta busway

Rabu, April 11, 2012

cause connectors

this selecrion demonstrates the usage of serval grammatical devices wich show cause

.... because + subject + verb

... because of + noun (phrase)

example :

because + subect + verb

1. everyday to pepole life with a many time, have much a money because he is a invenstor
2. don't smok in this room because there was a many children

example :

because of  + noun ( pharase) 

1. I want to kiss you everytime because of the charming
2. I can't go to work because of the sick

Selasa, April 10, 2012

Exercise 31 page 119


1. Twelve story
2. Language
3. Three act
4. Two day
5. 79 piece
6. Five shelve
7. 16 ounce
8. Six quart
9. Made of brick
10. Ten speed

exercise 32 page 121

1. people enough
2. french enough
3. enough time 
4. fast enough
5. soon enough
6. enough early
7. hard enough
8. slowly enough
9. enough flour
10. books enough

Exercise 33 page 121

1. Because of
2. Because of
3. Because of
4. Because
5. Because
6. Because
7. Because of
8. Because of
9. Because of
10. Because of

exercise 34 page 125
1. so
2. such
3. such
4. so
5. so
6. so
7. such
8. so
9. so
10. such
11. so
12. so
13. such
14. so
15. so

Untuk Di baca


Tips Sehat Hari Lebaran Idul Fitri Bugar Fit Prima Foto Gambar Masakan Makanan Lezat Enak Halal

Tips sehat saat Lebaran Hari Raya Idul Fitri ini merupakan rangkaian artikel terakhir Rumah Islami setelah sebelumnya saya telah menyajikan tips sehat buka puasa di bulan Ramadhan.

Lebaran merupakan puncak dari usaha untuk memenuhi kewajiban dan perjuangan menahan nafsu satu bulan lamanya, khususnya keinginan untuk makan dan minum. Saat bulan suci Ramadhan 2009 berakhir dan batasan untuk bersantap di pagi dan siang hari telah hilang, mulailah kebiasaan lama muncul kembali: mengkonsumsi makanan tanpa berpikir akibat atau dampaknya karena dilakukan secara berlebihan dan terus-menerus!

Hal ini dapat dimaklumi karena biasanya makanan dan masakan yang disajikan saat Lebaran lain dari biasanya dan ditambah aneka kue kering Lebaran yang sangat mengundang selera :)

Namun demikian, yang paling penting adalah jangan menjadikan Hari Idul Fitri sebagai ajang balas dendam karena telah menjalankan kewajiban berpuasa. NIkmati sajian hari Lebaran dengan cerdas dan tetap menjaga kesehatan agar senantiasa kuat dan bertenaga paska atau setelah puasa dan Lebaran.

Mudah-mudahan artikel berikut ini membuka hati kita untuk senantiasa menjaga tubuh agar tetap sehat fit bugar di Hari Lebaran Idul Fitri 1430H. Amin.

Hindari Makan Berlebih Saat Idul Fitri

Hari Raya Idul Fitri kurang dari tiga minggu lagi. Pesta hari raya umat muslim ini, lekat dirayakan dengan menghidangkan makanan dan minuman mewah yang lain dari hari-hari yang biasa. Menanggapi hal ini, Spesialis Penyakit Dalam Rumah Sakit Siloam Kebon Jeruk, Dr. Epistel Simatupang mengingatkan agar tidak berlebihan mengonsumsi makanan kendati tengah merayakan hari raya.

"Meski Idul Fitri tetapi jangan makan yang berlebihan. Tetap pada pola diet yang sehat," ujar Epistel, Jakarta, Sabtu (29/8).

Saat Idul Fitri memang kerap menghidangkan makanan bersantan dan pedas, seperti opor ataupun rendang. Selain itu, juga banyak dihidangkan kue-kue dan minuman bersoda yang mengandung kadar gula yang tinggi.

Menurut Epistel jika jenis makanan dan minuman ini dikonsumsi dalam jumlah yang banyak, maka akan memicu asam lambung berlebih dalam tubuh ataupun mengakibatkan stroke. Karena itu, dia mengingatkan agar pintar memilih makanan dan tetap menghindari makanan yang memiliki kadar gula tinggi dan berlemak. "Perlu juga tetap konsumsi makanan berserat dan minum yang cukup untuk menjaga hidup sehat," katanya.

Sumber: Kompas.com

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